The spine may be the single most important bone in the human body. Home to the crucial spinal cord, this vertebral column is composed of 26 smaller and irregular bones that extend from the base of the skull to the back of the pelvis. This spine is cushioned by a soft substance called a disk, which protects and seals the bones to one another. This particular bone also functions as a communication medium for the brain by transmitted and receiving signals through the spinal cord. In this skeletal structure, the 26 bones are grouped into several divisions that contain their own functions to the human body. The top 7 are the cervical, the next seven are the thoracic, the next five are the lumbar; the widest and thickest portion of the spine.
The lumbar portion supports the lower back of the human body, therefore enables an individual to bend forward and extend backwards, as well as bending to the side. Much of a human’s daily activities involved these motions, but years and years of these repeated motions will result in the gradual wearing down of lumbar bones and discs, and increased pain and pressure. In addition, the nerves that were intertwined within these bone segments will experience direct pressure and will be injured.
Lumbar spine surgery can correct any deviation and alleviate any pain you may have in this lower portion of your spine. This procedure will remove any damaged parts while enlarging the spinal canal to ease pressure and performs as a pinched nerve treatment as well. The crucial step for this procedure is to undergo a CT scan or MRI to determine the amount and location of the damage. Once the precise areas have been detected, then the operation may begin.
The main purpose of the lumbar spine surgery is to allow healthy bone segments to regrow and fuse together to rebuild a proper and functional spine again. The removal process will not only reduce a lot of pain and pressure on the back, but will alleviate the aching pinched nerve affected.
On the day of the pinched nerve treatment, you will be administered general anesthesia and sedation. Then your surgeon will create tiny incisions in the back or abdomen. During the interbody fusion, the surgeon will remove the damaged bone segment and replaces it with an artificial disk, usually made of metal or plastic. After it has been positioned, the incisions will be closed up and the procedure is finished. You will be expected to stay in the hospital for about two to four days, but would be able to stand and walk the day after. As the recovery period progresses, the hospital staff will assist you with some physical therapy so you can regain normal movement. Your full lumbar spine surgery healing may take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months.