Years ago, when I first became housebound (and eventually bedridden) with ME, I had very few places to turn. I was living alone at the time, and while I had some friends and family nearby who were willing to help, my sense of pride prevented me from asking for the wide range of assistance I suddenly needed. Overnight, I had gone from working full-time to being unable to grocery shop, do my own laundry, clean, cook or otherwise care for myself. Doctors did not have answers for me, and the ordeal of getting out to appointments in and of itself would often set me back further.
Desperate for help, I contacted various agencies and organizations looking for assistance. However, more often than not, I was turned away. Unless I required hospice care or had a lot of money to spare, few had anything to offer me. Indeed, I have been continuously surprised by the scarcity of resources there are for those who are chronically housebound and/or bedridden. These lack of services became even more evident to me once I began blogging. Unfortunately, I have received numerous emails over the years from other bedridden patients who have been unsuccessful in seeking the same kind of help that I, too, have had such difficulty finding.
In light of that, I thought I'd share a few services I've come across in the hopes it may provide some benefit to those who need it. Please realize that, unless otherwise noted, these are agencies and resources I've found simply by doing a basic web search over time.I am not affiliated with any of these companies or websites, nor do I know anything about the quality of service or expertise they offer. It's important for anyone to do their own research about an organization when seeking out professional help.
First, there are some services that are provided by Medicare and Medicaid for those who qualify. For a comprehensive list of what Medicare offers in home health care services, please check out their Medicare and Home Health Care brochure.
Regretfully, many of the services Medicare does NOT offer are those that bedridden/housebound ME patients often desperately need -- particularly those who cannot rely solely on friends and family, or who spend much of their days alone. These exclusions (if they are the only assistance you need) include personal care given by home health aides (such as bathing and dressing), meal delivery and homemaker services like shopping, cleaning and laundry.
From what I understand, should you qualify, Medicaid offers more services than Medicare. These services tend to vary by state. For more information, check your state's Medicaid program, or visit http://www.cms.gov/home/medicaid.asp
Fortunately, there are many in-home health care agencies around the country that will provide cleaning, shopping, meal preparation and some degree of medical care, but at a fee. For those who can afford it, a quick online search can provide information on home health care in your area. Nurse visits can also often be arranged through these agencies; however, generally speaking, doctor visits can not. Most agencies will instead provide transportation to a doctor's appointment for those who are able (free transportation services are also often available to those who qualify). However, for many with severe ME, a trip to the doctor's office, even with assistance, is not always possible due to the severe (and sometimes permanent) setback such an outing can cause.
In the last many years, there seems to be a growing number of organizations throughout the country that are beginning to offer physician services in the home. One such organization is the Visiting Physicians Association. Also, the American Academy of Homecare Medicine offers a list of doctors by state who, as a public service, also make house calls.
Please again note that I am offering this information as a resource only and have no other knowledge about these agencies beyond what is listed on their website. Also, keep in mind that while these doctors make house calls, they may not (and, in most cases, probably do not) have extensive or even basic knowledge about ME. Regretably, it is very difficult to find a doctor well-informed about the complexities of this disease, particularly in its severest form. It is even harder to find one who is also willing to make house calls.
For those who may not be aware, Dr. Charles Lapp, an M.D. in North Carolina, recently put a call out to severely ill/bedridden ME patients. Right now it appears he is merely collecting the information, with possible hopes of trying to find ways to provide care to these patients in the future. For more information about contacting Dr. Lapp, please see here. If nothing else, it's important for doctors to realize how many of us are out there looking for help.
Specialty doctors for basic dental or eye care at home can also be extremely difficult to find. However, there are some dentists and optometrists who will offer limited care in the home for those who are bedridden. You can contact your state's dental or other specialty organization to ask if they are aware of any doctors in your area who make housecalls. For example, with some persistence, I recently found an optometrist willing to come to my home by emailing my state's optometry association. A couple years ago, through the help of a local acquaintance, I also found a dentist in my area who routinely makes house calls, which turned out to be a true life-saver for me. I would never have survived such an extensive outing to fix all the issues I was having.
Many cities also provide mobile services for ultrasounds, EKGs and X-rays (with restrictions), provided you have a doctor who will order the tests for you.
Please note, however, that many of these doctors and services do not accept insurance, or insurance will not pay because the services are provided in the home.
I've also received many emails over the years asking how I avoid bed sores, or what kind of products I use to ease my comfort or accomplish certain tasks throughout the day. I am fortunate that I am well enough to sit up and turn myself in bed, and can still get up to use the bathroom on my own each day (the latter with the help of my wheelchair). As of yet, bed sores have not been an issue for me. However, there are products available to those who find this a concern, as well as other products designed to make life a bit easier for the bedridden. AllegroMedical is one site where you can purchase such items, but there are many other websites available as well.
Those who have read one of my former blog entries, Eyes Wide Shut, know that, as a result of cognitive problems stemming from ME, I rely on a text-to-speech program to help me navigate online and to read all my emails and other items for me. There are also several speech-to-text programs available for those who would find that helpful. I don't have an iPod or iPad, but I know some versions have a voice application called Siri that could be useful to some patients.
I also participate in my local library's Books-By-Mail program, which is a free service that lends audio and large print books by postal mail to the visually impaired and disabled. Many libraries have similar programs.
In addition to all the above, Emily Collingridge wrote an excellent book called Severe ME/CFS: A Guide to Living . It is designed specifically to help provide a wide range of resources to those with severe ME and/or CFS (geared towards the UK, but useful for all). Her book can be purchased through her website ( http://www.severeme.info/ ).
Lastly, this illness, especially in its severest form, is incredibly isolating. I have received many emails requesting information on how to meet and communicate with other bedridden patients. This is difficult for many reasons, but primarily because most bedridden patients are too sick to be online for any length of time, and thus cannot fully participate on social media or other similar forums. However, for those who are able, sites such as Phoenix Rising , HealClick, and Facebook social groups like Severe ME Chat and Support. might be useful and provide some comfort.
Perhaps the most helpful piece of information for those bedridden with ME is simply knowing you are not alone. Here is a list of just a few blogs and websites written by or devoted to those with severe ME (more links can be found to the right of this page)
"Just knowing you're not alone is often enough to kindle hope amid tragic circumstances." ― Richelle E. Goodrich ~~~
If others have additional resources to offer on any of the above, please let me know and, if appropriate, I'll add them to the list through the comments below. My research abilities are restricted due to my physical limitations, so I'm sure there are things I have left out. Thanks for understanding!