I guess that post title is a bit misleading because the honest truth is that we really don't know exactly what caused such a miraculous improvement in our son that allowed him to start college with his peers last August. Desperate for some way to help him and allow him to start college on time, after 18 months of near-total incapacitation, we tried dozens of new treatments that summer, so we aren't 100% sure which of them is really responsible for his dramatic improvement...but we have some educated guesses.
A quick bit of background for those who are new to my blog: Jamie's history with both CFS and Lyme disease is a long and complicated one. He first got Lyme in 3rd grade but seemed to recover fully from that and was very healthy in 4th grade. In 5th grade, he suddenly became severely ill and was diagnosed with ME/CFS (which I'd had for 2 years). He missed 60 days of school in 5th grade and only attended part-time in 6th grade, with home tutoring. Treatment with Florinef for Orthostatic Intolerance dramatically improved his condition at the end of 6th grade, and he went back to school full-time, re-joined the band, and was even able to play soccer again.
At the end of 7th grade, he got Lyme again. This time, he did not return to his normal baseline after treatment. He remained more fatigued, though treating with more doxycycline didn't seem to have any effect. Over the next 4 years, his condition worsened very gradually. He was still attending school but missed 25-35 days a year, with ever-worsening fatigue and cognitive dysfunction (and all the other typical CFS symptoms). Finally, some strange symptoms alerted to the fact that he had another tick-borne infection, bartonella . A Lyme specialist diagnosed him with Lyme, bartonella, and babesia (all tick infections); our best guess is that he had these other infections all along but they were never tested for or treated back in 7th grade.
Treating tick infections that have been present for that long is a tricky business, and most people get worse (due to a herx reaction ) before they get better. Jamie got even worse than most, with an 18-month long severe herx reaction that left him mostly incapacitated. He spent most of his junior and senior years of high school on our couch, struggling to catch up on missed work, but with the help of home tutoring (and many fierce battles with the school for accommodations ), he managed to graduate on time. Although he'd had some gradual improvement , he still had a difficult summer (and only finished his high school work the day before college started!), but at the end of August, he improved dramatically.
Yeah, that was the brief version! So what changed last summer that allowed him to start college on time and even live on campus? Here are the things we tried and our best guesses as to their effectiveness
Beta Blockers - We have no doubt that starting Jamie on beta blockers at the end of August played the greatest role in getting him back on his feet (quite literally). He felt an immediate improvement and is now able to walk all over campus without crashing the next day and has even joined the Ultimate Frisbee team. Jamie still takes Florinef for OI (we tried reducing the dose and found he still needed it), but adding the beta blockers resulted in a significant improvement.
Increase Imunovir - Jamie started Imunovir last spring (something I have had good success with, too), but it was last summer that I began very slowly increasing his dose. He now takes 4 pills a day - which is still lower than what is recommended - and I think Imunovir has helped to normalize his immune system somewhat so that he can better fight those infections. I've also noticed that virally-induced crashes have become quite rare for him (and for me) since Imunovir.
New Supplements - This one is more of a guess, but we changed many of his supplements last summer, and I do think that has helped. We consulted with a biochemist/registered dietician who advised us on supplements based on Jamie's history, symptoms, and circumstances. I think that the most significant effect probably came from those supplements aimed at improving his methylation process (something I had started on my own before) to allow his body to better process both the medications he was taking for tick infections, as well as the toxins (i.e. dead bugs) released by the treatments. I think this is a very individual thing - choosing appropriate supplements based on symptoms and history - and we relied on the advice of the biochemist. In some cases, he was already taking certain supplements (like a multi-vitamin, alpha lipoic acid, and others), but the biochemist recommended a specific brand that she felt would be better absorbed and/or more effective. All of this has been very expensive, and we are not entirely sure which have helped and which are a waste of money. We've been afraid to change anything since he's been doing so well!
Eliminate/Reduce Artificial Dyes - I really have no idea if or how much this helped. The biochemist said that artificial coloring can be toxic to many people, especially those with chronic illness. Jamie was ingesting a lot of it because he drank 2-3 liters of Gatorade a day. The salt and fluids helped tremendously with his OI, but she was concerned that the artificial dyes were detrimental. We switched from Gatorade to Vitalyte , a more natural electrolyte drink with only natural colors (and not much of that). I have no idea if it helped or not, but the Vitalyte is actually less expensive than Gatorade anyway, and both of our boys like it. I think it has a lot less sugar in it, too.
Trial of Gluten-Free/Dairy-Free Diet - Again, I have no idea if this helped or not. The biochemist suggested Jamie try a restricted diet . She did not suspect food intolerances but said that people with CFS just have trouble digesting gluten and casein (a protein in dairy), and that these substances can increase fatigue and other symptoms because they block one of the methylation pathways in the body. Jamie was NOT happy about such a restricted diet, but he was a good sport and went along with it. I joined in for moral support, and he and I ate strictly gluten-free and dairy-free (I was already dairy-free) for 7 weeks. Jamie's improvements began several weeks after starting the restricted diet and he didn't notice any improvements in GI issues, so after 7 weeks, he added dairy back in first and then added gluten back a couple of weeks later. Interestingly, he did notice some GI issues worsen when he added dairy back, so on his own, he decided to limit low-fat dairy (it is probably a lactose intolerance since higher-fat dairy products like ice cream and full-fat cheese don't bother him much). That was 6 months ago, and he is still doing well, so I don't think the gluten and casein were a major issue for him...BUT it is possible that eliminating them for a while helped his body to recover and improved his ability to process toxins by temporarily removing that methylation block. Who knows?
I think those were the major changes we made. Once he began to improve, there was a cascade of positive effects that built on each other. As a result of his improvement, Jamie was finally able to gradually increase his dose of antibiotics to treat Lyme to a full dose (for a long time, he couldn't tolerate more than 1 pill every 3 days!), so we are finally seeing some progress in his Lyme/bartonella/babesia treatment. I think this is a critical point to understand: when underlying infections are present (Lyme, other tick infections, EBV, HHV-6), as they are in many people with ME/CFS, you can't improve until you treat those infections, and the immune dysfunction makes it worse. It is a vicious cycle, and you have to address it all - immune dysfunction and underlying infections.
The beta blockers allowed him to exercise again, and he gradually built his stamina up as a result - this is something I have seen, too. Being able to exercise without crashing allows you to build muscle and improve cardiovascular functioning, which in turn helps to improve your overall physical condition and well-being, allowing you to do even more. Jamie slimmed WAY down as a result and lost the bloated look he'd had. He now walks all over campus every day, plays Ultimate Frisbee with his friends (he's not yet in good enough condition to play in their tournaments, but he practices with the team and is gradually building stamina), and is taking 3 classes each semester. He lives on campus in a single room and stays up late with his friends like any other college kid (though he can go to bed early when he needs to). To our astonishment, he missed only 3 days of classes fall semester and has so far missed only 1 day in the spring semester (the result of 6 straight hours of snowboarding!).
It all still feels like a miracle to us, and we are grateful every single day. I wanted to share with you not only the specifics of what we think helped but also the hope. I don't know whether Jamie (or I) will ever be 100% well, but improvement is possible. He is so happy to be living among his friends, going to school, and resuming a somewhat normal-ish life.