People with Chiari Malformations may experience no symptoms. When symptoms are present, they usually do not appear until adolescence or early adulthood, but can occasionally be seen in young children.
The most common Chiari symptoms include: Severe Headache and Neck Pain Pain at the back of the head that is aggrivated by coughing, sneezing, straining etc. Dizziness Vertigo Disequilibrium Visual disturbances Ringing in the ears Difficulty swallowing Heart palpitations Sleep apnea Muscle weakness Impaired fine motor skills Chronic fatigue Painful tingling of the hands and feet ("Pins & Needles")
Other Chiari symptoms may include: Nystagmus Memory loss Restricted movement Intolerance to bright light / difficulty adjusting to light change Difficulty walking on uneven ground / feeling ground under feet Difficulty driving Difficulty negotiating steps Pressure / pain behind the eyes (soreness in the eyeballs) Back pain Neck spasms Insomnia Swaying Pain when changing position Tingling / crawling feeling on scalp Intolerance to loud or confusing sounds Decreased sensation to touch in extremeties Decreased sensitivity to temperature Pain & tension along ear / eye / jawline Difficulty swallowing / lump in throat / sore throat / swollen lymph nodes Drooling Spontaneous vertigo Hand tremors Poor blood circulation / cold hands & feet Sinus / mucous problems Sleep apnea Decreased muscle tone Pressure in ears / ears feel stopped up Nausea Difficulty reading or focusing on text Depth perception problems Burning sensation in extremeties / shoulder blades Menstrual problems / severe cramping during period Fluid-like sound in ears (like water running) Loss of sexual interest / lack of sensation in pelvic area Pulling sensation while sitting / standing Intense itchiness w/profuse sweating Slurred speech Gag reflex problems / lack of gag reflex Pressure / tightness in chest Loss of bladder control Frequent urination Dehydration / excessive thirst Electric like burning sensations Unequal pupil size Loss of taste Popping / cracking sounds in neck or upper back when stretching Dizziness Loss of smell / problems with sense of smell Dry skin and lips Abrupt changes in blood pressure Hiccups Skin problems
Tethered Cord symtoms: Urinary urgency Frequency of urination Urinary incontinence Urinary retention Frequency of urination at night Difficulty starting urinary stream Constipation Diarrhea Occasional incontinence for stools Decrease interest in sexual relations Difficulty reaching an orgasm Decreased sensation in your pelvic area Low back pain Leg pain Numbness under the soles of your feet Keeping your knees bent at night Low back pain, leg pain, or urinary symptoms while walking up stairs History of severe growing pains during childhood and adolescence
Ehlers-Danlos (EDS) Symptoms: Joint hypermobility Loose/unstable joints prone to frequent dislocations and/or subluxations Joint pain Hyperextensible joints (movement beyond normal range) Early onset of osteoarthritis Soft velvet like skin Skin hyper-extensibility Fragile skin that tears or bruises easily Severe scarring Slow and poor wound healing Molluscoid pseudo tumors
Less Common EDS symptoms include: Early onset of chronic/debilitating musculoskeletal pain Arterial/intestinal/uterine fragility or rupture Scoliosis at birth and scleral fragility Poor muscle tone Mitral valve prolapse Gum disease