The most common of course is repetitive questions, and then to problems like the inability to get a person living with dementia to take a shower, or to take their medication.
The list of common problems we face as caregivers that fall loosely into the categories of mood, cooperation, and behavior are quite long.
What to do?
To start, you need to ask yourself is the problem a result of dementia, or is it a problem of the underlying personality that existed before a diagnosis of Alzheimer's or another type of dementia?
Personality type can make a difference. For example, a person who was naturally a "worrywart" might be harder to deal with because their level of anxiety is likely to be exacerbated by dementia.
Another example might be person who likes to be in control. Alzheimer's does lesson the fundamental ability to be in control. Nevertheless, the person might still have this need.
Unresolved issues in relationships can also make the caregiving effort more difficult.
In order to deal with difficulties of mood, cooperation, and behavior, I usually suggest that the caregiver get a notebook and start keeping track of the problem or problems.
If you start taking notes and examining each situation you will have a better chance of solving a problem or changing the behavior.
Here is a very simple example.
I could not get Dotty to take a shower.
Of course, like most beginner caregivers when Dotty would say no, or I don't need a shower, or I already took my shower today, I would try to explain to her why she needed a shower.
I would offer a long list of good reason why she would enjoy a shower. Or, try to explain that she had not taken the shower. I tried this even though Dotty just told me she believed she had taken a shower. Explaining doesn't work well when a person with dementia says No.
Once I started analyzing our day and taking notes, I concluded I was not going to be able to get Dotty to take her shower in the morning no matter how hard I tried.
After a while, I decided I would work the shower into our daily routine around 3-4 PM in the afternoon.
By the afternoon, I had Dotty calmed down and into a set routine (pattern). For example, I had been moving her around our home, given her breakfast and lunch, and gotten her to pee several times.
Before I brought up the shower Dotty would usually be listening to music, and if things were going well she would sing. This gave me a chance to interact with her -- talk with her.
When the time for the shower would come, I would talk to her, then walk up to her and stick my hand out. If all was working well Dotty would ask, where are we going? I would respond up front to get a snack. And away we would go.
On the way, I would say, hey, after we have our snack lets go out. She would say, where are we going? I would answer to have some fun. She of course would say, oh sure.
Once we were in the right position I would say, hey, lets take a pee and a shower, put on our cloths and get ready to go out.
By this time I had her in full motion, had her attention, and had engaged in several acts where she cooperated. Like taking my hand when the entire interaction started.
Start looking at each situation. Take some notes. Try to get very good understanding of what is going on at the time of the problem, and before the problem is occurring.
When you see a recurring problem, try to change the dynamic. For example, make sure the person living with dementia is fully engaged and doing something before a problem that occurs at the same time each day.
Don't be afraid to change it up. Try things at times of day that work better.
Most important. Don't walk up to a dementia patient from out of no where and start asking them to do something.
Get the conversation going first, make sure you smile and that they smile back, try getting them to cooperate, and they go for the big move.
Little acts of cooperation build up over time. Cooperation leads to trust. Trust leads to success.
Bob DeMarco is the Founder of the Alzheimer's Reading Room and an Alzheimer's caregiver. The blog contains more than 3,711 articles with more than 302,100 links on the Internet. Bob lives in Delray Beach, FL.
Original content Bob DeMarco, the Alzheimer's Reading Room