What is the law? What is its purpose? The Family Medical Leave Act was signed into law in 1993 to balance needs of employers and employees in circumstances when employees must take extended medical leaves for serious medical conditions, including pregnancy, or to care for family members. The purpose of the law is to protect employee jobs in these circumstances. It does not necessarily pay the employee during this time, if the employee does not otherwise have paid time off (sick days, vacation, personal days).
Who is covered under this law? A "covered employer" is an employer: "who employs 50 or more employees for each working day during each of 20 or more calendar workweeks in the current or preceding calendar year."
Eligible employees are those who
•Have worked for their covered employer at least a year (not necessarily consecutive), and
•Have worked at least 1,250 hours during the 12-month period immediately before the leave, and who
•Work at a location where at least 50 employees are employed at the location or within 75 miles of the location.