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Study Finds Infants Toddlers on "Slower" Vaccine Schedule Have Fewer Outpatient and ER Visits

Posted Jan 01 2013 12:00am
Science post image A Population-Based Cohort Study of Undervaccination in 8 Managed Care Organizations Across the United States

Jason M. Glanz, PhD; Sophia R. Newcomer, MPH; Komal J. Narwaney, MD, PhD; Simon J. Hambidge, MD, PhD; Matthew F. Daley, MD; Nicole M. Wagner, MPH; David L. McClure, PhD; Stan Xu, PhD; Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, MD, PhD; Grace M. Lee, MD, MPH; Jennifer C. Nelson, PhD; James G. Donahue, DVM, PhD; Allison L. Naleway, PhD; James D. Nordin, MD, MPH; Marlene M. Lugg, DrPH; Eric S. Weintraub, MPH

JAMA Pediatr. 2013;():1-8. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.502.

Published online January 21, 2013

ABSTRACT

Objectives  To examine patterns and trends of undervaccination in children aged 2 to 24 months and to compare health care utilization rates between undervaccinated and age-appropriately vaccinated children.

Design  Retrospective matched cohort study.

Setting  Eight managed care organizations of the Vaccine Safety Datalink.

Participants  Children born between 2004 and 2008.

Main Exposure  Immunization records were used to calculate the average number of days undervaccinated. Two matched cohorts were created: 1 with children who were undervaccinated for any reason and 1 with children who were undervaccinated because of parental choice. For both cohorts, undervaccinated children were matched to age-appropriately vaccinated children by birth date, managed care organization, and sex.

Main Outcome Measures  Rates of undervaccination, specific patterns of undervaccination, and health care utilization rates.

Results  Of 323 247 children born between 2004 and 2008, 48.7% were undervaccinated for at least 1 day before age 24 months. The prevalence of undervaccination and specific patterns of undervaccination increased over time (P < .001). In a matched cohort analysis, undervaccinated children had lower outpatient visit rates compared with children who were age-appropriately vaccinated (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 0.89; 95% CI, 0.89- 0.90). In contrast, undervaccinated children had increased inpatient admission rates compared with age-appropriately vaccinated children (IRR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.18-1.23). In a second matched cohort analysis, children who were undervaccinated because of parental choice had lower rates of outpatient visits (IRR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.93-0.95) and emergency department encounters (IRR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.88-0.94) than age-appropriately vaccinated children.

Conclusions  Undervaccination appears to be an increasing trend. Undervaccinated children appear to have different health care utilization patterns compared with age-appropriately vaccinated children.

Posted by Age of Autism at January 25, 2013 at 5:46 AM in Vaccine Safety Permalink

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