There are two ways to do simple word association
Therapist writes down a word pair
She asks R to give the reason why they go together.
For example, therapist writes down " green .... sprite " and asks "R why do these words go together "?
Therpaist introduces a prompt in writing like " "because a ----- is ......."
Once R figures out the meaning of "is" we will introduce other concepts like tastes , sounds , feels
example therapist writes down "sweet... sprite" or "fizzy.. sprite"
Therapist suggests a word : a noun
Therapist writes down "flight of a bumble bee" and then asks child
"R what goes with the flight of a bumble bee?"
When Ro answers "Miss sadie's phone"
Then therapist writes down what R said and then asks "why do" flight of the bumble bee" and "miss sadie's phone " go together ?
WHY : the idea is to help the child express his/her ideas without having to frame them in a sentence this will show the therapist the gaps in the child's general knowledge
CONTINGENT / TURN TAKING WORD ASSOCIATION
The therapist begins by saying a word and writes it down.
The child must say a word that is associated with the word and the therapist writes it down.
Then the therapist says a word that is associated with the word and so on "snow-- january...new year ".
The idea is to complete a whole page
Here is one made my R and his Miss S
I am enthralled with the fantastic association R did with monster - "yellow eyes"
I have fantastic associations that Mrs K and R did - as during this time Mrs K was getting married. She took this opportunity to teach R about weddings and as R went to her wedding - he had many opinions about this :-)
If the child has difficulty completing the whole page then go sentence by sentence
WARNING it may take many times before the child picks this up - persevere .
DO not allow the child to come with the same train of thought over many turns
VARIATION : after the set is complete do the "why do --- and --- go together ?
Take the contingent word sheet and point out the related words and describe the relationship between the two words
Here is one made by R and Mrs G ( those are the initials on the top - this is one clever thing that Mrs G does - by putting his initial on the top - she provides a reminder that its his turn )
Tell me does not the last one make you smile
TALKING ABOUT A TOPIC
In this the therapist asks the child to choose a topic ( in the example I will show below, "Beach" was the topic R chose)
The therapist then asks the child to talk about the topic
The child gives a few words ( in this case R chose- Pebbles, Sand, press your toes and Rocky )
Then the therapist uses each of those words to build a sentence and writes it down
In this way, R is expressing his own ideas and Mrs G is helping him turn his ideas into full sentences
This is genius becasue its a window into R's world - you can see that R experienced the beach in a sensorial way - clearly he expereinced it( I think unpleasantly ) through his feet and it explains why R does not like beaches :-)
If you do nothing else just the writing down of questions and answers has been so great
What I never thought of - is that a guy who does not process well auditarily - does not just miss out on what others say to him but possibly does not hear what he says himself
In this way, he gets to explain his own true feelings and bargain
Our motto with R has always been First, love and it has served us well
But I think any time we attempt to teach a child our moto has become "First understand and then customize to your child's needs"