JAMA Study: $2.4 Milliion (US) Lifetime Cost of Care for Person with Autism and Intellectual Disability
Posted Jun 11 2014 11:23pm
JAMA study points out US lifetime costs of care for a person with autism disorder and intellectual disability will approximate $2.4 million US (ASD W/Out ID #1.4 million). For children special education and parental productivity loss were largest cost components. For adults residential care, supportive living accommodation individual productivity loss and much higher productivity costs contributed to the highest costs.
Results The cost of supporting an individual with an ASD and intellectual disability during his or her lifespan was $2.4 million in the United States and £1.5 million (US $2.2 million) in the United Kingdom. The cost of supporting an individual with an ASD without intellectual disability was $1.4 million in the United States and £0.92 million (US $1.4 million) in the United Kingdom. The largest cost components for children were special education services and parental productivity loss. During adulthood, residential care or supportive living accommodation and individual productivity loss contributed the highest costs. Medical costs were much higher for adults than for children.
Conclusions and Relevance The substantial direct and indirect economic effect of ASDs emphasizes the need to continue to search for effective interventions that make best use of scarce societal resources. The distribution of economic effect across many different service systems raises questions about coordination of services and sectors. The enormous effect on families also warrants policy attention.