Children who eat a Mediterranean diet rich in fruit, vegetables and fish have a lower risk of asthma, scientists said.
Researchers in Germany, Spain and England studied data from 50,000 children aged eight to 12 from 20 countries, collected between 1995 and 2005.
They found children who ate a diet which was rich in fruit had a low rate of wheeze in both rich and poor countries.
On the contrary, eating three or more burgers a week may increase the risk. The benefic effects of a mediterranean-style eating may be linked to the antioxidants found in fruit and vegetables and the omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish, which have anti-inflammatory properties.
This study adds to an existing body of evidence showing the health benefits of a Mediterranean diet, including reduced risks of heart disease, diabetes, cancer and depression.
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