NIDA: Addiction is a Developmental Disease and It Starts Early
Late 20th and now 21st century brain and addiction-related research demonstrates addiction (whether to drugs or alcohol) is not “in the blood,” as people often believe. Not only that, but addiction is a developmental disease that usually begins in adolescence. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) [and, alcohol is considered a drug, by the way], “Recent scientific advances have revolutionized our understanding of drug abuse and addiction, which is now recognized as a chronic relapsing brain disease expressed in the form of compulsive behaviors. This understanding has improved our ability to both prevent and treat addiction.” Below you will find links from their website section titled, “ Addiction Science: From Molecules to Managed Care :”
Therefore the key to preventing substance abuse and addiction is to stop it before it starts through comprehensive education programs that are given early and often and rooted in the new science of the brain and the brain disease of addiction.