Organization Learning and Learning Organization Part 1 - Nike Dunk SB
Posted Mar 01 2013 7:33am
The way he received education has been through private tutoring, correspondence courses, and self-learning Nike Air Force 1. Even until the postgraduate level, he chose to study in distance learning programs.
But that doesnt mean he is less familiar with public education and its management than other people Nike Dunk SB. In his college years, he studied Social Science that covers some studies in education.
After that, he chose to study management and business administration for his master degree Nike Dunk SB. Whats more, before studying in graduate school, he has spent one year working in a non-profit organization that serves the minority groups in society.
He was in charge of the charity marketing department in there thus picked up some skills in organization management Nike Basketball Shoes. Therefore, he has got to realize and has more understanding in both education and management than others.
According to his experience, there are both advantages and weaknesses existing in a learning organization. Nowadays, business incorporations commonly accept and value the idea of learning organizations (LO) highly. However, there seem to arguments or confused ideas about its origin. I believe its very important for them to figure out its origin thoroughly if they want to implement the idea of LO into their organizations. So I tried to find out the different opinions and stands of its origin and then draw out a more recognize perspectives. The move in the west to regard companies as learning organizations was signaled by Argyris and Schon in 1978, and is premised on participatory philosophies, learning from collective experience and an acceptance that learning cannot simple be left to chance it has to be planned.According to Senge (1990), he defines the Learning Organization as the organization "in which you cannot not learn because learning is so insinuated into the fabric of life." Also, he defines Learning Organization as "a group of people continually enhancing their capacity to create what they want to create." He and Otala (1995) also tell us that the LO is one which is continually expanding its horizons and capabilities through the development of its employees, both individually and collectively, in order to achieve individual and organizational goals.M. Pedler, J. Burgoyne and Tom Boydell (1991) thinks that "A Learning Company is an organization that facilitates the learning of all its members and continually transforms itself" For Bennett and OBrien (1994) the LO in industry is not only an organization that is changing but also an organization that is developing and enhancing its capacity to change, i.e. an organization that is focusing on the process and contents of change and the capacities to sustain them. For Garvin (1993) the LO is one which is skilled in creating acquiring and transferring knowledge, and in adapting its behavior in light of the new knowledge gained. McGill et al. (1992) define the Learning Organization as "a company that can respond to new information by altering the very "programming" by which information is processed and evaluated." Miles (1965) introduced a useful metaphor for understanding organizations, arguing that an organization has to be healthy if it is to be able to cope with change. He brought out the three elements that could be evaluated as being healthy task needs, maintenance needs, and growth and development needs.In our opinion, a good organization possesses the following characteristics. First, its a team where every member in it has their own expertise/ talent; where they are able to develop their potential in the team to their fullest under a principled leadership. Also, its an organization where each members needs can be fully satisfied. Besides, there should be a positive competition among its members. An organization like this can thus generate commitment and dedication among their members in a collaborative climate. However, its another business whether each individual can really apply and develop their potential in a team thus create a team of high productivity and promising future. How do we incorporate and integrate individuals expertise into an organizations expertise Based on these reasons and Miles statements, I think its fatal that an organization can keep on learning. Only through learning, can an organization cope with change successfully and continue to survive. Therefore, I would define Learning Organization as an "Organization with an ingrained philosophy for anticipating, reacting and responding