A study of 508 great apes in captivity shows that the animals’ sense of well-being bottoms out in their late
20s to mid-30s, the ape equivalent of middle age, before rebounding in
The finding that mid-life crises may not be uniquely human
suggests that the events might have a biological, rather than a
Men and women worldwide, regardless of their wealth or
status, experience a dip in happiness at middle-age. Social
scientists have struggled to identify the underlying cause of the
dissatisfaction. Social and economic factors, such as financial hardship
and the failure to realize unrealistic ambitions, are possible causes.
Alexander Weiss, a psychologist at the University of
Edinburgh, UK, and his team set out to see if there might be a
biological factor involved in the crises. They sought to assess the
well-being of captive chimpanzees and orangutans as judged by their
keepers or those who knew them well.
apes covered all age ranges, and their ‘happiness’ was rated through a
survey answered by their keepers. The survey covered four criteria: the
animals’ overall mood; how much pleasure they got out of socializing;
their success in achieving goals such as obtaining food and objects they
desire; and how happy the keeper would be if he or she were that animal
for a week.
Among three different groups of chimps and orangutans
surveyed, the happiest tended to be the oldest and youngest, and the
most dissatisfied tended to be in their 30s. The study, however, is a
snapshot — it didn't follow any of the apes over time — which means
there could be confounding factors such as the early death of unhappy
needed us to be at our most dissatisfied in midlife,” says co-author
Andrew Oswald, who is based at the University of Warwick, UK.
Unhappiness can be a catalyst for change, potentially spurring unhappy
adults to act more adaptively, for instance, by seeking out mates.
“I don’t think you’ll find chimpanzees buying bright red
shiny cars,” Weiss says. So darn, maybe that red convertible Lexus I bought ins 2010 is my mid-life crisis after all. I do recall beating my chest proudly before driving off the lot with it!