longchamp bagswith men who had never smoked, those who were actively smoking when their cancer was diagnosed were 61% more likely to die and 61% more likely to experience a recurrence. If you smoke, says lead researcher Stacey A. Kenfield, Sc.D., an epidemiologist at the Harvard School of Public Health, in Boston, "you will have a more aggressive cancer."
Smokers are generally less healthy than nonsmokers, and because they tend to receive less prostate-cancer screening, their likelihood of being diagnosed with advanced-stage cancer may be higher.Even when the researchers took the severity of longchamp handbags cancer into account, however, smokers were still 38% more likely to die and 47 percent more likely to have a recurrence than nonsmokers.
These data suggest that smokers develop cancers that are more likely to kill them,says Joshi Alumkal, M.D., a prostate cancer specialist at Oregon Health and Science University, in Portland, who was not longchamp outlet in the study.Smoking is a key factor that determines how aggressive prostate cancer will be.Health.com: Prostate cancer screening -- should you have a PSA test?
Smoking might directly affect the aggressiveness of cancer, Kenfield and her colleagues say. Carcinogens in tobacco smoke may speed tumor growth, for instance, as might the higher Missing Michigan Woman Found Dead In Suitcase levels of longchamp purses associated with smoking.
Men who'd smoked a pack a day for 40 years -- or, equivalently, two packs a day for 20 years -- were 82% more likely to succumb to prostate cancer than men who had never smoked.There is some good news for men who have quit smoking. Those who quit 10 years before getting a prostate cancer diagnosis were no more likely to die of the disease than men who had never smoked at cheap longchamp.